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National Delinquency Survey, NDS, Mortgage Bankers Association of America, MBA, economy

National Mortgage Professional
Nov 18, 2001

Putting RESPA to Rest, Once and for AllBrian L. PeartRESPA, HUD, Proposed Rule, GFE, NAMB, Guaranteed Mortgage Package, Let me be the first to say that the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Developments Proposed Rule regarding the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act, which is is slated to arrive this spring, will be a good thing for ethical Mortgage Brokers! No, I am not crazy, and I am not on HUD's payrollI am a Mortgage Broker, just like you. But I have read, analyzed and thought through the report, and have concluded that we can actually beat the lenders with this new law. First, despite the National Association of Mortgage Brokers efforts, this law is going to pass. If you read the entire proposal, you will clearly see the immense history that has gone into its drafting. In 1998, HUD and the Federal Reserve co-sponsored a report seeking to reform RESPA. In this report, they recommended that loan officers give firmer quotes, earlier in the process and with low tolerances, encourage some form of packaging with guaranteed costs, and provide a safe-harbor from RESPAs Section 8 (regarding kickbacks). In other words, HUD has been working on this thing since 1998, and its more than four years in the making! There is no way that HUD is going to let this thing pass without it ending up as law. On top of that, since both large-scale lenders and the Mortgage Bankers Association of America have endorsed it, HUD Secretary Mel Martinez has all the support he needs. However, contrary to the doom and gloom, I believe the Proposed Rule can provide huge opportunities for Mortgage Brokers! Prudence dictates that we should have a strategy in place, ready to roll when this thing becomes law. The two big issues with brokers are the new Good Faith Estimate and the Guaranteed Mortgage Package Agreement. Because they benefit the consumer and HUD will not believe otherwise, both of these will end up in the final law, albeit with some possible tweakingespecially regarding FHA/VA loans. By implementing a sound game plan, not only can you stay in business, but you can gain market share as well. Let's take the new GFE first. It is not true that brokers will do no-point loans! In HUD's proposal, they categorize fees into two main groups: Origination fees and miscellaneous fees. It looks similar to this: A. Origination Charges Total: $_______ B. Interest-Rate Dependent Payment (Until the interest rate is locked, these figures may change) +Borrowers Payment to Lender: $______ -Lenders Payment to Borrower (for higher rate): $______ Net Origination Charge Due from Borrower: $_____ Heres how you would write a no-points loan: Lets say you are writing a $100,000 loan and are looking to make two points. First, you would quote $2,000 in Origination Charges on line A. You would mirror that value in the Lenders Payment to Borrower field as a minus (of course, you must lock the loan before earning the two points back). The Net Origination Charge subtotal would then be zero. Your customer only cares about the bottom linewhat it will cost themwhich is designated at the bottom of the form. They will see that you are making $2,000 as a company, but they need not know how much of it is yours. If your rate quoted is better than the lender, you will get the deal. All this does is let the borrower know what your company makes on the deal. Now, it is true that a lenders figures would both be zero under this proposal, but in the end, the customers net is the same. You and I both know that most of our customers are going with us anyway, regardless of rate. Have you ever been asked, when dealing with no-point loan borrowers, How do you make any money? Now can you show them. Now, if you overcharge your customers (which you obviously shouldnt be doing), you will be clearly showing them the extent of your gouging, by fully disclosing the yield spread premium. This new GFE will really help us honest brokers, because it will rid the industry of unscrupulous lenders and free us from our legal concerns. The lenders won't gain market share because we can still beat their rates any day, and the customers bottom line remains the same. All the other features of the new GFEguaranteeing costs with a 10-percent variance and securing rates tied to an indexwill be the same for both lenders and brokers. As long as we have similar rules and know them going in, we can beat the lenders and banks. Why not? Weve been doing it for 15 years! Who knowsthis might even help simmer the predatory lending uproar that continues with no end in sight. If youre still scared, HUD offers another solution in the form of the GMPA, and it too will most likely pass into law. In fact, it will probably become the preferred choice among consumers, because it provides what every borrower wantsone figure to shop. The GMPA proposes lumping all closing costs into one total package, and guaranteeing the package price and interest rate for 30 days. In exchange, HUD will carve out a safe harbor under RESPA, freeing you from worries about kickbacks or steering business to "partners." I have heard basically two distinct outcries about this proposal from brokers, but as usual, the truth varies greatly from the fear. The first concern is over the 30-day lock. However, the GMPA is not presented the way that people think. This form is actually well-thought out. Its simply mind-blowing to think that the government came up with it in just two pages! At the top of the proposed agreement, it states the basics of the formbelow you will find the guaranteed rate and costs, upon your acceptance and payment of [disclosed] fee. It even contains a clause in case they do not qualify, which is necessary and similar to the one found on the GFE. They will be signing this at time of application if the final form is similar to the proposed. It is not a big deal. It also states that the rate is guaranteed if they accept and sign this agreement and lock the rate. If they opt not to lock, HUD is proposing that the broker guarantees the rate will not go higher than a certain percentage over an index for 30 days. I agree that 30 days is ridiculous. No one who is serious shops a loan for 30 days. I believe HUD will shorten this period, but as long as it is tied to the 10-year, and adjusts if rates fluctuate, then I will make the same amount of money. That's right, you can quote whatever rate you want, as long as the customer accepts it and you guarantee it. The GMPA does indeed level the playing field because it prevents bait and switchers from using bogus GFEs. Guys ... we can handle this! The other large outcry I have heard is that packaging will give the lenders an unfair advantage. If you are an aggressive broker, I dont see how this is possible. This proposal actually provides the greatest opportunity to dominate the lenders. Most of this outcry centers on the second section of the GMPA, which basically guarantees the price of all settlement costs. Now, the final HUD will be itemized, but the amounts will be blank. The customer will just pay this one price. Everything is included but the escrows, which are broken out in a different section. I like this even better than their proposed GFE. The price is the thing that the customer will shop, and the bait and switchers will not be able to hide costs in low-balled escrow quotes. Let's face itthe hazard insurance they get will be the same, regardless of who the lender is. If the argument is that the big lenders will be able to bundle more services and provide lower quotes, the opposite, in fact, is true! As you read this, lenders are acquiring companies and paying lawyers to figure out ways to bundle services and skirt RESPA anyway. They are making profits off of these bundled services without passing any savings on to the customer. The Proposed Rules safe harbor will prevent this, while opening the door for honest Mortgage Brokers. Lets face facts. You and I don't have that kind of money to blow. But, we don't need fancy lawyers to compete, just an agreement to team up. That is why I am starting to solidify my relationships now. I can just visit my favorite title company and form a partnership, and I never have to worry about illegal kickbacks. Not only that, but I do not need to disclose points or fees, or mess with YSP disclosure. The truth is, if I am guaranteeing the final product, and the customer had time to shop, then we should not have to worry. This is what we have been wanting all along! Want to know what else? If the customer goes with us, we control the deal. They must use our title company, et al., regardless of who the real estate agent or builder may be pushing. So, how do we beat the lenders? Think about it. They already charge much higher costs than us. If I were to quote exactly what a lender quotes, I would easily be making three points. (They need those points in order to pay all of their vice presidents salaries.) By teaming up and partnering with title companies and appraisers, I can get them to save money, in return for steering all of my business toward them. No RESPA to worry about. We cut the costs $100 here or $50 there, and soon were lopping off nearly $500! Thats less than one point! I now quote a GMPA of $2,500 instead of the original $3,000, and quote a rate where I will receive one percent to 1.5 percent back from the lender. What lender is going to touch that? Remember, they need to make at least three points just to turn a profit. Even if they own the title company and the appraiser, they cannot possibly quote as low as Mortgage Brokers can and still make three points. We will become the legitimate low-cost options in the marketplace. They can't compete! Game over! This law will only kill the fat-fee brokers, if that. If you are smart and prepare, you can capitalize on this and gain market share. There are several other strategies I have outlined in my new book, The 2003 RESPA Survival Plan. Feel free to call (561) 684-3880 or e-mail [email protected] to purchase a copy. Remember, whenever there is major change, major opportunities are presented to the early adopters. HUD will likely provide the industry with at least three to six months to implement these changes, but if you begin today, you will get a jump on the competition. Be ready, and you will dominate! The opinions in this article do not necessarily reflect those of the National Association of Mortgage Brokers, its state affiliates or The Mortgage Press Ltd. Brian L. Peart is owner of Nexus Financial Group Inc. and the author of The 2003 RESPA Survival Plan. He may be reached by phone at (561) 684-3880 or e-mail [email protected].
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