The Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) has directed Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac to work on a joint initiative, in coordination with FHFA and the U.S. Department of Housing & Urban Development (HUD), to consider alternatives for future mortgage servicing structures and servicing compensation for their single-family mortgage loans. Currently, a servicer’s compensation is generally based on a minimum servicing fee that is part of the mortgage rate, which decreases the flexibility necessary for optimal servicing of nonperforming loans from both the borrowers’ and guarantors’ perspectives. The current servicing compensation structure also results in the creation of a mortgage servicing right asset, which is difficult to manage and separate from a servicer’s core competency of servicing mortgage loans.
The joint initiative announced will consider alternatives to the traditional servicing compensation structure. The goals are to improve service for borrowers, reduce financial risk to servicers, and provide flexibility for guarantors to better manage non-performing loans, while promoting continued liquidity in the mortgage securities market.
Alternatives for consideration may include a fee for service compensation structure for nonperforming loans as well as the possibility of reducing or eliminating the minimum mortgage servicing fee for performing loans, or other structures. Many of these issues have been the subject of discussion within the mortgage industry for years.
“As the recent problems in managing mortgage delinquencies suggest, the current servicing
compensation model was not designed for current market conditions,” said FHFA Acting
Director Edward J. DeMarco. “The goal of this joint initiative is to explore alternative models
for single-family mortgage servicing compensation that better address the needs of borrowers, servicers, originators, investors and guarantors.”
FHFA will coordinate efforts of the initiative over the next several months to gather feedback from the industry, consumer groups and investors, and from other regulators and government agencies. FHFA expects that this effort will lead to a proposal for a new single-family mortgage servicing compensation model that will benefit from broad public input. Any implementation of a new servicing compensation structure would require a significant lead time to ensure that all participants in the mortgage finance process have sufficient time to adjust to any changes.
Any such implementation would be prospective in nature and would not be expected to occur before the summer of 2012.
For more information, visit www.fhfa.gov.