The performance of first-lien mortgages serviced by large national and federal savings banks continued to improve in the first quarter of 2013, according to a report released by the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC). The OCC Mortgage Metrics Report for the First Quarter of 2013 showed evidence that the strengthening economic conditions, servicing transfers, home retention efforts, and home forfeiture actions have contributed to improving the performance of home mortgages in the first quarter of 2013. The report showed 90.2 percent of mortgages were current and performing at the end of the quarter, compared with 89.4 percent the prior quarter and 88.9 percent a year earlier. Seriously delinquent mortgages—60 or more days past due or held by bankrupt borrowers whose payments are 30 days or more past due—decreased to four percent compared with 4.4 percent at the end of 2012 and 4.5 percent a year ago. The percentage of mortgages that were seriously delinquent has decreased 10.4 percent from a year earlier. The percentage of early stage delinquencies, mortgages that were 30-59 days past due, was 2.6 percent, down 9.3 percent from the previous quarter but up 3.0 percent from a year ago.
The number of loans in the process of foreclosure at the end of the first quarter of 2013 decreased by 28.6 percent from a year ago to 907,231. Servicers initiated 178,356 new foreclosures during the quarter—a 13.8 percent increase from the previous quarter but a 37.8 percent decrease from a year ago. The number of completed foreclosures fell to 84,972, a 19.7 percent decrease from the previous quarter and a 30.9 percent decrease from a year ago.
Servicers implemented 348,733 home retention actions—including modifications, trial-period plans, and shorter term payment plans—compared with 131,704 home forfeiture actions during the quarter—completed foreclosures, short sales, and deed-in-lieu-of-foreclosure actions. The number of home retention actions implemented by servicers decreased by five percent from the previous quarter and 1.2 percent from a year earlier. Nearly 94 percent of modifications in the first quarter of 2013 reduced monthly principal and interest payments; 56.4 percent of modifications reduced payments by 20 percent or more. Modifications reduced payments by $361 per month on average, while modifications made under the Home Affordable Modification Program (HAMP) reduced monthly payments by an average of $547.
Servicers have modified 3,021,617 mortgages from the beginning of 2008 through the end of the fourth quarter of 2012. At the end of the first quarter of 2013, 49.5 percent of these modifications were current or paid off. Another 6.4 percent were 30 to 59 days delinquent, and 12.4 percent were seriously delinquent. Another 7.3 percent were in the process of foreclosure, and 7.4 percent had completed the foreclosure process.