There is a memorable scene in the old holiday movie, It’s A Wonderful Life, when Jimmy Stewart as George Bailey, president of the Bailey Savings and Loan, welcomes the Martini Family to their new home which he just presumably funded for them. He makes a speech on the front steps and offers gifts of salt and wine to welcome them. Whenever I spoke to new MLO classes as a lender management consultant, I would recount this scene and explain that this is what consumers expect from our industry: Personal and caring service at an exciting yet stressful time in their lives. Somehow, I would add, our industry has forgotten to care about the consumer in the quest to sell loans at any cost.
The implementation of Dodd-Frank and the birth of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) were, in part, a legislative effort to make sure we never forget that the consumer is the heart of our business. This is the heart of the qualified mortgage (QM) and ability-to-repay (ATR), and the vendor management rules our company helps lenders implement and manage.
This year will be the year of the consumer, and lenders need to make sure that they implement policies and procedures, or amend existing ones, to ensure that they are consumer-centric. From better quality origination and ability-to-repay safeguards, to vendor management and data privacy and security, lenders will be on the hot seat more than ever over how consumers are treated by them. It will not be long before we read about large fines and penalties against a lender for failing to heed this warning.
Some of the key areas expected to face scrutiny in audits and regulatory oversight this year include:
►Third-party vendor management, specifically closing agents. The CFPB is currently gathering data from the public and other interested parties about the closing table experience that will likely result in more specific guidance about managing closing risk for consumers later this year.
►Affiliated business relationships. The affinity relationship between lenders and title agents, lenders and appraisers and lenders and real estate agents is being examined. The CFPB understands that almost every professional involved in the mortgage process is driven to the consumer not by free will but through referrals and steering. There is an understandable concern that these methods can drive up costs, ignore quality, and hide kickbacks.
►Minority inclusiveness. Consumers get the best deal when there is fair competition, free choice, and more choices for services. Like the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act (HMDA) seeks to gather data and explore how lenders make loans to all consumers, there is a movement to ensure that lenders are doing business with vendors owned by men and women of all races and ethnicities. Expect to see some directives and guidance in hiring women and minority vendors later this year.
►Title insurance costs and fees. There have been claims by consumer groups that there is not enough competition and that costs are much higher than the risks being insured, especially in the digital and computer age where property ownership, tax and lien information is readily available and losses from title claims nationwide are relatively small. The American Land Title Association (ALTA) has been doing a good job of addressing these claims; however, we may see movement in this area this year.
The key takeaway for lenders is that anyone not making an effort to design their business around the consumer, rather than viewing the consumer as a means to an end, may very well being paying a price for it sometime this year. The CFPB is on a mission, and as was George Bailey when he reminded Old Man Potter, “Borrowers are human beings not just cattle … they deserve better!”
Andrew Liput is president and CEO of Secure Settlements Inc., a company he founded after nearly 10 years studying the problem of escrow and closing fraud and the uninsured risks associated with mortgage closing professionals. He may be reached by e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org.