Indices and Experian for the S&P/Experian Consumer Credit Default Indices, a comprehensive measure of changes in consumer credit defaults, showed an increase in national default rates during the month. After hitting a post-recession low of 1.46 percent in September 2012, the national composite increased for three consecutive months, posting 1.55 percent in October, 1.64 percent in November and reaching 1.72 percent in December. The first mortgage default rate showed the same pattern; it increased from its post-recession low of 1.36 percent in September, to 1.47 percent in October, 1.58 percent in November, reaching 1.68 percent in December. The second mortgage went up to 0.69 percent in December from its historic low of 0.62 percent posted last month. Auto loan default rates remain flat at 1.09 percent since November. Bank card default rate hit the lowest post-recession rate of 3.53 percent in December; it was 3.58 percent in November.
“Overall, 2012 showed improvement in consumer credit quality," said David M. Blitzer, managing director and chairman of the Index Committee for S&P Dow Jones Indices. “However, fourth quarter consumer default rates reversed some of the recent declines and pushed the composite default rate above its level of last May. The principal culprits were first and second mortgages. Default rates for auto loans were roughly stable over the year and default rates for bank cards continued to drop. All loan types remain below their respective levels a year ago.”
“The national composite rate was 1.72% in Dec., eight basis points above the Nov. rate and 26 basis points above Sept.’s post-recession low. It was primarily driven by the first mortgage rate at 1.68% in Dec., ten basis points above the previous month’s rate and 32 basis points above Sept.’s post-recession low. The second mortgage rate rose seven basis points from last month’s historic low, auto loans remained flat, and bank cards were down five basis points to a new post-recession low of 3.53%. Bank card default rate moved down for eight consecutive months, it was 96 basis points down from its April 2012 level.”
“All five cities we cover showed increases in their default rates in Dec. The major increases were Miami, up 41 basis points, Chicago up 27, and Los Angeles up 24 basis points. New York and Dallas were marginally higher by four and one basis points. Miami had the highest default rate at 3.07% and Dallas - the lowest at 1.26%. All five cities remain below default rates they posted a year ago, in December 2011.”