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For past short sellers who have gone through the loss of a home and are eligible to return, criteria needed for a new mortgage is vague. The result is a partial story.
Proving "extenuating circumstances" and confining the timeline for an economic event is a struggle for loan originators and underwriters trying to comply with vague criteria. Because of so many variables, lenders deny new loans for borrowers with a short sale or foreclosure in their past even when they may be eligible to repurchase again.
We must get this right. Detailing why the loss of a home is the hardest thing for affected consumers to provide ... not because they can't remember, but because they relive it.
In attempting to originate the FHA "Back to Work" loans, it would seem the process is simple. The criteria for "Back to Work" is to show a 20 percent reduction in income sustained for six months minimum that resulted from a loss of employment or reduction in income, which is considered the "economic event.”
Here's the bigger problem. Most who had an "economic event" tried to hang on, wiping out assets along the way. But, while trying to hang on, homeowners accumulated more debt to stay solvent and in most cases, to stay current on their mortgage. Then, another "economic event" hit, assets were gone and debt is so excessive that there is no choice but to short sell.
As a mortgage broker in Florida where it is common to see Boomerang Buyers (those eligible to re-enter the housing market after a short sale or foreclosure), I often hear the full story for those who have lost a home and want to re-try home ownership again. An economic event followed by a prolonged period of trying to stay put, finally ended with another event where funds were no longer available and the only choice was to short sale, occurred in a great deal of these cases.
Proof also exists to show a good number of these folks had excessive debt that pushed up debt to income ratios incredibly high prior to the sale of their underwater home.
But, it gets confusing for a new mortgage. For the FHA "Back to Work" program, the U.S. Department of Housing & Urban Development (HUD)-approved counselors are able to determine hardship and can provide those who attempt a re-purchase one year after a short sale, foreclosure or bankruptcy with a housing counseling certificate.
However, that doesn't mean the mortgage company will approve the mortgage. Because the economic event may have occurred years ago and short sale processes took months or years, documentation such as tax returns and bank statements needed to show a lack of assets may stretch over the previous five to seven years rather than the most recent two years that lenders are accustomed to evaluating.
Mortgage companies who offer FHA "Back to Work" loans are reluctant to promote this almost two-year-old program due to few of these loans getting approved. Part of this is because loan originators don't provide enough documentation, and the other problem is that there seems to be wide discrepancy between underwriting opinion on these files.
Varying opinion also exists for "extenuating circumstances" noted in Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac guidelines for eligibility of a new mortgage under four years. Underwriting interpretation of these guidelines vary greatly from lender to lender for the few mortgage companies who offer these loans.
For loans submitted with what seems to be an iron clad "extenuating circumstance" or proof of the 20 percent reduction in income for six months minimum for FHA's "Back to Work" program, underwriter opinion seems to vary widely. Some underwriters think the decision to short sale was too soon, while others wonder why homeowners waited. It seems they are trying to justify the sale was "not strategic.”
The income, current credit and assets of borrowers who have gone through a short sale and are trying to re-enter the housing market is more than acceptable per current guidelines. They have to be next to perfect, and they know it. Other than knowledge of the past short sale, these are loans that any lender would want to have on their books.
Those who make policy need to talk directly with affected past short sellers. They need to come to where underwater home problems still exist and see for themselves what is really happening. This can truly help the housing industry recover.
Pam Marron (NMLS#: 246438) is senior loan originator with Innovative Mortgage Services Inc. (NMLS#: 250769) in Tampa Bay, Fla. She may be reached by phone at (727) 375-8986, e-mail [email protected] or visit HousingCrisisStories.com, CloseWithPam.com or 8Problems.com.
This article originally appeared in the May 2015 print edition of National Mortgage Professional Magazine.